Argumentative Essay

Apr 6, 2009 Filed under:Help with essays — admin @ 7:04 am

Argumentative Essay

If you are writing an argumentative essay, you need to follow several simple rules for argumentative essay writing:

  • Make sure you understand both sides of the arguments
  • Conduct research for both sides of the arguments
  • Choose one side of the argument to defend
  • Apply argumentative techniques to writing
  • Write down a specific outline covering main points

The sample argumentative essay outline can be the following:

  • Introduction – briefly introduce the topic and state your position on it; provide all key points you will cover
  • Main point 1 – start argumentative essay with the strongest argument
  • Main point 2 – continue argumentative essay with the second argument supporting your position
  • Opposing view – mention the other side of the argument
  • Refutation – refute the position of opponents
  • Main point 3 – confirm your position on the argument
  • Conclusion – sum-up the main points you covered

Of course, the proposed sample outline can be modified to meet the specific requirements of your essay topic and length.  If you are looking for professional help with writing argumentative essay, do not hesitate to try our custom essay writing service.  We provide thousands of students with professional essay writing help on a wide range of topics.  We value your trust and deliver custom written essays on time!  Argumentative essay writing has never been easier!

Argumentative Essay Sample

The a priori language is one which has no connection with pre-existing tongues, but rather endeavors to link language with logical thought. Commercial codes used for economy in sending telegraphic messages are good examples, while on a more limited scale one may refer to musical notation, or to astronomical, chemical, or other symbols. As applied to an international tongue, the great advantage of the a priori system lies in its complete neutrality, since it favors or resembles none of the known languages.

The idea of polygraphy, or the "universal sign," or the "real characters," whereby ideas might be reduced to a system of writing comprehensible to people of different speeches, is a very ancient one. Chinese ideographic writing is nothing but a polygraphic system. It permits all who are acquainted with it to read the ideas betokened by the written symbols, going on to pronounce them as they please, which is exactly what the speakers of the different Chinese dialects do. In their origin, Egyptian hieroglyphic and Sumerian-Akkadian cuneiform characters seem to have had the same symbolic, ideographic nature, replaced only later, and in part, by phonetic values, which restricted them to the representation of a single, specific spoken tongue. For a language with a phonetic alphabet, like Greek, to go back to a system of ideograms is, in a sense, a retrogression. Yet the advantages of international comprehension sometimes outweigh the advantages of the link between speech and writing. Two Greek speakers, Diodorus the Sicilian and Galcn, are reported to have thought of systems of symbols which would remove all uncertainty from human communication. A similar idea, based perhaps on the western discovery of Chinese ideographs, is said to have occurred to Francis Bacon.

Unconfirmed reports of a priori languages are connected with the names of St. Hildegarde, in the twelfth century, † and of Mohyieddin the Sheik in the eleventh century of the Hegira (roughly our own seventeenth century; Balaibalan is the name of his alleged invention). ‡

Raymund Lull, a thirteenth-century Catalan philosopher, is claimed to have been a forerunner, in his Ars Generalis of 1280, of the international language movement, § but the editions of his works that have come down to us from later centuries would seem to indicate that polygraphy was his main concern. Other polygraphists (L. Alberti, Trithemius, G. B, Porta) flourished in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The transition from polygraphy to the international language idea occurs when the constructed set of symbols is suggested for spoken as well as written use, and here there is no denying the primacy of Descartes.



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